Beyond the Binary: Dynamics of Gender, Serious and Organised Crime and Artificial Intelligence

The effect of new artificial intelligence (AI) developments, particularly generative AI, on serious and organised crime (SOC) have been significant over the last few years. Analysed with a gender lens, these effects can be nuanced and complex, ranging from changes in patterns of victimisation to new opportunities and pitfalls in crime prevention. Women’s participation in SOC is changing as well, as AI increases certain vulnerabilities while providing novel mechanisms for criminal participation.

As AI governance efforts at all levels of government are increasing establishing a better knowledge base for these issues can aid in the development of much more appropriate policies. This report builds upon the gender dynamics of victims and offenders in SOC, as well as recent research on the gender risks of AI—discrimination, stereotyping, exclusion, and insecurity.

Geographic Location